C++ Program for Linked List Deletion

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Linked List Deletion
(Last Updated On: July 29, 2018)

In this Program, you’ll learn Linked List Deletion in C++.

To nicely understand Linked List Deletion example, you should have the knowledge of following C++ programming topics:

Program for Linked List Deletion

// A complete working C program to demonstrate deletion in singly
// linked list
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
 
// A linked list node
struct Node
{
    int data;
    struct Node *next;
};
 
/* Given a reference (pointer to pointer) to the head of a list
   and an int, inserts a new node on the front of the list. */
void push(struct Node** head_ref, int new_data)
{
    struct Node* new_node = (struct Node*) malloc(sizeof(struct Node));
    new_node->data  = new_data;
    new_node->next = (*head_ref);
    (*head_ref)    = new_node;
}
 
/* Given a reference (pointer to pointer) to the head of a list
   and a key, deletes the first occurrence of key in linked list */
void deleteNode(struct Node **head_ref, int key)
{
    // Store head node
    struct Node* temp = *head_ref, *prev;
 
    // If head node itself holds the key to be deleted
    if (temp != NULL && temp->data == key)
    {
        *head_ref = temp->next;   // Changed head
        free(temp);               // free old head
        return;
    }
 
    // Search for the key to be deleted, keep track of the
    // previous node as we need to change 'prev->next'
    while (temp != NULL && temp->data != key)
    {
        prev = temp;
        temp = temp->next;
    }
 
    // If key was not present in linked list
    if (temp == NULL) return;
 
    // Unlink the node from linked list
    prev->next = temp->next;
 
    free(temp);  // Free memory
}
 
// This function prints contents of linked list starting from 
// the given node
void printList(struct Node *node)
{
    while (node != NULL)
    {
        printf(" %d ", node->data);
        node = node->next;
    }
}
 
/* Drier program to test above functions*/
int main()
{
    /* Start with the empty list */
    struct Node* head = NULL;
 
    push(&head, 7);
    push(&head, 1);
    push(&head, 3);
    push(&head, 2);
 
    puts("Created Linked List: ");
    printList(head);
    deleteNode(&head, 1);
    puts("\nLinked List after Deletion of 1: ");
    printList(head);
    return 0;
}

Output

Created Linked List:
 2  3  1  7
Linked List after Deletion of 1:
 2  3  7

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